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Cristal Aguardiente

Region: USA » Colombia Valley

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Unicer vinhos, SA:
From antiquity to today In Antiquity The vine is one of the oldest crops to be cultivated in the world. Records suggest that it probably began around 4000 years ago in the eastern part of the Black Sea in the Tran Caucasus, present day Armenia and Azerbaijan. In Egypt, in the 4th dynasty of the Pharaohs (2500 BC), wine was already being produced. During the Bronze Age, the "Vitis Vinifera" wa... Read more
From antiquity to today In Antiquity The vine is one of the oldest crops to be cultivated in the world. Records suggest that it probably began around 4000 years ago in the eastern part of the Black Sea in the Tran Caucasus, present day Armenia and Azerbaijan. In Egypt, in the 4th dynasty of the Pharaohs (2500 BC), wine was already being produced. During the Bronze Age, the "Vitis Vinifera" was cultivated in Egypt and Greece, and later, in the Iron Age, its cultivation stretched as far as Italy and other regions of Europe. At that time, the Phoenicians were sailing about the Mediterranean transporting wine produced in Greece, Italy and Spain. Later, the Greeks, who discovered the Italian Peninsula around the 7th century BC and set up their own colonies there, prospered in commercial empires where the main trade was in wine. From the Middle Ages to the 19th Century Following this great expansion of vineyards, there was a decline in wine production during the Middle Ages. While in Christian countries the cultivation of the vine survived successive invasions due largely to the monks and abbots, wine production was largely abandoned in Mediterranean countries as a result of Arab domination. It gradually became less prosperous and only began to play a role once more between the 17th and 19th centuries. Quality wines first appeared at the beginning of the 17th century, with the production of regional wines, but this was set back in the 19th century with the proliferation of parasites such as mildew, oidium, webworm and mostly phylloxera, brought over from America, which attacks the roots of the vines. 19th century onwards After the phylloxera plague had passed, vine growing was once again resumed and underwent particular development in the 1940s. In the '50s, the amount of land devoted to vine cultivation in the world rose to 8 million hectares, with a production of 200 million hectolitres. In the '60s, it reached 10 million hectares with a production of 250 million hectolitres, while in the '70s, despite stabilisation in the amount of land given over to vine cultivation, improvements in growing techniques led to an increase in production. Although at this time there was no increase in the area devoted to vine cultivation in the traditional wine-producing countries like France, Italy and Spain, in places like South America and the Anglo-Saxon countries, it increased significantly. By the '90s world production had risen to 260 million hectolitres. Read less

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