Description 1 of 2
Name of varietal: Trebbiano
Common synonyms: Ugni Blanc, St. Emillion, Thalia, White Hermitage, Castelli, Lugana, Malvasia Fina, Santoro, Spoletino, Tribbiano
Parentage of the grape: indigenous to central Italy
History of the grape: Trebbiano is one of the world’s most widely planted white grape varietals, not only for wines, but brandies and vinegars, including balsamic styles. It is believed that it originated in central Italy, but quickly spread throughout Europe and the rest of the world as empires and colonies were established. But despite its widespread plantings and usage, besides some fine releases from around the Abruzzo region (that often have the name of the varietal in its DOC title) it is rarely given credit since it’s often a minor blending grape, or appearing as one its many aliases.
Characteristics of the grape: light-bodied, crisp, high acidity, minerally, lemon, rosemary
Regions where the grape is currently important: You name, they grow it.
Type or types of wines the grape produces: dry white, blended dry white, sweet wine, brandy (most notably Cognac and Armagnac as Ugni Blanc)
Description 2 of 2
Name of varietal: Ugni Blanc (Trebbiano)
Common synonyms: Albano, Biancame, Biancone, Blanc Auba, Blanc Bacca, Blanc de Cadillac, Blancoun, Bobiano, Bonebeou, Boriano, Boua, Bouan et Beou, Bragrunha, Branquinha, Brocanico, Bubbiano, Buriano, Buzzetto, Cadillac, Cadillate, Castelli, Castelli Romani, Castillone, Chatar, Chator, Clairette d'Afrique, Clairette de Vence, Clairette Ronde, Coda di Cavalo, Coda di Volpe, Douradina Branco, Douradinha, Elba, Engana Rapazes, Espadeiro Branco, Eugana Repazes, Falanchina, Greco, Gredelin, Hermitage White, Juni Blan, Lugana, Malvasia Fina, Morterille blanche, Muscadet, Muscadet Aigre, Padeiro Branco, Paduro Branco, Passerena, Passerina, Perugino, Procanico, Procanico dell Isola d'Elba, Procanico Portoferraio, Queue de Renard, Rocanico, Romani, Rossan de Nice, Rossetto, Rossola, Rossula, Roussan, Roussea, Rusciola, Saint Émilion, Saint Émilion des Charentes, Saint Émillion, Santoro, Shiraz White, Spoletino, St.-Émilion, Talia, Thalia, Trebbianello, Trebbiano, Trebbiano della Fiamma, Trebbiano di Cesena, Trebbiano di Cesene, Trebbiano di Empoli, Trebbiano di Lucca, Trebbiano di Tortona, Trebbiano di Toscano, Trebbiano Fiorentino, Trebbiano Toscano, Trebbianone, Tribbiano, Tribbiano Forte, Turbiano, Ugni, Ugni blanc, Uva bianca
Parentage of the grape: Ugni Blanc, the same grape as Italy’s Trebbiano Toscano, is related to the Garganega grape of Soave.
History of the grape: Because so many Italian varieties are known as Trebbiano, its history is unclear. It may be named after the river Trebbia in Emilia-Romangna, for example. It was mentioned in a text as early as 1303. As Ugni Blanc, it was probably imported from Italy into France in the 14th century as part of the trade that took place on the Mediterranean. It really took off: today, it is France’s most planted white variety, beloved for its high yields and equally high acidity. Today, it produces crisp but not terribly interesting table wines, plays a role in many blends, and is made into brandy in Cognac and Armagnac.
Characteristics of the grape: high in acidity and low in alcohol.
Regions where the grape currently is important: virtually all over Italy and France. Also found In Bulgaria, Argentina, etc.
Type or types of wines the grape produces: If you’ve had Orvieto, Frascati, Soave, or any one of hundreds of white wines from the southwest of France or from Provence, you have had Ugni Blanc. Valentini Trebbiano is a notable exception, but usually, this variety produces crisp, refreshing, but not very inspiring table wines.
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