Description 1 of 2

Common synonyms: Apiana, Apiano, Fiana, Fiano di Avellino, Fiore Mendillo, Foiano, Latina Bianca, Latina Bianca di Barletta, Latino, Latino Bianco, Minutola, Minutolo, and Santa Sofia

Parentage of the grape: Unknown

History of the grape: Fiano hails from Campania, where much of Italy’s viticultural heritage remains preserved. The Romans used this grape to make a wine called Apianum high in the forested hills around the town of Avellino. Though Fiano is grown throughout the area, all the way down to the coast, these hills are still where the best Fiano comes from. Indeed, people say that those woods are the source of Fiano’s distinctive wild, piney, herbaceous flavor. In 1980, the area was hit by an earthquake, which destroyed its quaint, medieval wine towns. They still make wine from this ancient variety, however. Some producers have attempted to age Fiano in new oak, but most agree that it is too delicate for this treatment.

Characteristics of the grape: piney, herbaceous, with aromas of sour apples and hazelnuts, complex, often with a smoky minerality, a slightly waxy texture, medium to full body, and bright acidity

Regions where the grape currently is important: Avellino, as well as throughout Campania, in Puglia, and Sicily; now there are also some plantings in McLaren Vale in Australia

Type or types of wines the grape produces: Fiano di Avellino DOCG, Cileno DOC, and a dozen other DOCs in which it is a minor blending partner.

– Description from juliabutareva

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Description 2 of 2

Fiano A green variety. The Romans called it Apianum. It gives very good, individual and dry white wine. It grows mainly among the hazelnut groves above Avellino, and sometimes you can imagine a touch of hazelnut in the wine. – Description from Utile Dulci

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