Description 1 of 2

Blaufränkisch is the most important Austrian red variety to many Austrian vintners despite the fact it is not the most largely planted. Although it's exact origins are not 100% determined, it is believe to be of Austrian decent. The grape's name breaks down to mean, "good, fine" grape. Blaufränkisch thrives deep soils, but also does well in lime soils. The best expressions of the grape come from Central Burgenland and South Burgenland, both sides of Lake Neusiedl and Carnumtum (in lower Austria.) The grapes is generally harvested late and is prone to botrytis-related grape stem rot. Tasting notes: Aroma: dark berry, boysenberry and mineral notes Palate: Appetizing acidity and firm tannin structure. Typical wine making technique: Needs at least two years of aging before it becomes approachable. The best vintages have incredible and aging potential fermented in new French oak barrels. Blaufränkisch is often blended with small amount of Cabernet Sauvignon and/or Merlot.

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Description 2 of 2

Common synonyms: Blanc Doux, Blau Fraenkisch, Blau Fraenkische, Blauer Lemberger, Blauer Limberger, Blaufränkisch, Blaufranchis, Blaufranchisch, Blue French, Burgund Kekfrankos, Burgund Mare, Cerne, Cerne Skalicke, Cerne Starosvetske, Cerny Muskatel, Chirokolistny, Cierny Zierfandler, Crna Frankovka, Crna Moravka, Fernon, Fraenkische, Fraenkische Schwarz, Franconia, Franconia nera, Franconia nero, Franconien bleu, Franconien noir, Frankinja, Frankinja Modra, Frankovka, Frankovka Cerna, Frankovka Crna,Frankovka Modra, Fruehschwarze, Game, Grossburgunder, Imberghem, Imbergher, Jubilaeumsrebe, Karmazin, Kekfrank, Kek Frankos, Kekfrankos, Lampart, Lemberger, Limberg, Limberger blauer, Limberger noir, Limburske, Maehrische, Modra Frankija, Modra Frankinja, Modry Hyblink, Moravka, Moravske, Muskateller Schwarz, Nagyburgundi, Neskorak, Neskore, Neskore Cierne, Noir de Franconie, Oporto, Orna Frankovka, Portugais Lerouse, Portugais Leroux, Portugais Rouge, Portugieser Rother, Pozdni, Pozdni Skalicke Cerne, Schwarz Limberger, Schwarz Fraenkische, Schwarzer Burgunder, Schwarzgrobe, Serina, Shirokolistnyi, Sirokolidtnyj, Sirokolstnii, Starosvetske, Starovetsky Hrozen, Szeleslevelue, Teltfuertue Kekfrankos, Teltfurtu Kekfrankos, Vaghyburgundi, Velke Bugundske, Vojvodino

Parentage of the grape: Heunisch Weiss (Gouais Blanc) is one of the parents of this variety.

History of the grape: in Austria, Blaufrankisch dates at least to medieval times, when grapes were divided into “Frankish” -- superior grapes that belonged to the Franks -- and all others.

This variety is really beginning to come into its own. Austrians have only recently realized what great potential red wine has in their country. Their first reaction to Blaufrankisch’s good acidity, deep color, and potentially firm tannins was to put it in new oak and attempt to produce wines in an international style from it. These days, though, a number of versions have appeared that have allowed the grape to show just how refined and delicately textured it can be.

Characteristics of the grape: dark fruit, spice, mineral, good acidity, firm tannins

Regions where the grape currently is important: Burgenland in Austria, Wurttemberg in Germany (where it is known as Lemberger), Hungary (where it is known as Kekfrankos and is a major part of the Egri Bikaver blend), throughout central Europe, and the United States.

Type or types of wines the grape produces: varietal bottlings from Austria and, increasingly, the United States; Egri Bikaver. It can produce anything from very light wines to extracted and heavily oaked wines that are meant to age.

– Description from Constance Chamberlain

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