Description 1 of 3

Common synonyms: Alvariñho, Albarin Blanco, Cainho Branco, Albariña, Azal Blanco, Galego, Galeguinho

Parentage of the grape: Two theories: 1. Riesling 2. Petit Manseng, possibly just indigenous to Galicia
History of the grape: Legend has it that Cluny monks from Burgundy brought the parentage of the grape, either Riesling or Petit Manseng, to Galicia sometime in the 12th or 13th century and created the Albariño clone. Obviously, if the grape is proven to be indigenous to Spain, that blows that theory out of the water. Regardless, it became the mainstay grape of Rias Baixas in Galicia, and is also a popular white under its local names in Portugal. The grape is late to the party in the New World, and didn’t make the migration till the last part of the 20th century. 
There has been some controversy as to the authenticity of the grape in Australia. In 2009, DNA evidence proved that in most fields, what was thought to be Albariño is in fact a different grape with similar traits, Savignin Blanc. The Savignon Blanc in Albariño clothing likely happened due to a nursery mixup in the 1980s. Remarkably, a single vine sourced from a field in Galicia that was growing Savignin side by side with Albariño for centuries (brought over from Jura by yet more monks) is responsible for most of the Australian Savignin clones. Thus, “Australian Albariño” is being renamed Savignin and questions over the authenticity of the varietal in Spain have now been raised. As of press time, it has been concluded that many wines labeled Albariño could well be authentic, or a possible combination of Albariño, Savignin Blanc and Caino Blanco. 
Characteristics of the grape: light to medium bodied, dry, slightly acidic, grapefruit, fresh apricot, peach, honeysuckle, white pepper
Regions where the grape is currently important: Spain: Rias Baixas, Portugal, California
Type or types of wines the grape produces: dry white
– Description from Amanda Schuster

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Description 2 of 3

(aka. Alvariño, Alvarinho)

The name Albarino may not register with many wine enthusiasts in North America, but in its native Spain this vine is recognized as perhaps that countries best white grape varietal. In Spain, Albarino is grown almost exclusively in the cool environs of Galicia. Where its best expression comes in the form of the wines of the Rias Baixas D.O. Here Albarino is planted in granite and chalk soils in vineyards only a stones throw away from the Atlantic Ocean. The climate here is cool and wet. To minimize the risk of rot, vines were traditionally trained on pergolas to ensure good air circulation. When the grape has been properly nurtured, the resulting wines are powerfully aromatic, with strong mineral like character and bracing acidity. Not surprisingly, given these attributes, many pundits have proposed a genetic relationship between Albarino and Riesling. The grape is also widely grown in northern Portugal’s Minhos region where it is known as Alvarinho. In Minhos, Alvarinho is blended with a number of other indigenous varietals to produce that region’s heavily exported wine known as Vinho Verde. The varietal has only recently been planted in North America, but is rapidly gaining acreage in such far flung corners as Southern Oregon, Virginia, California’s Santa Barbara County and the Los Carneros AVA. Given North American wine consumers are becoming more willing to experiment with new grape varietals one should expect acreage of Albarino to continue to increase in the years to come.

…you’re a clever fellow who’s managed to stay hidden from the public eye for far too long. Your low key attitude and green attire has allowed you to discretely blend in with the lush surroundings of your coastal Iberian home. Alas you were finally spotted, perched high on a pergola above rows of crops on the family farm. Your recent arrival in North America has done little to sway your disposition. You remain the unassuming farmer -- a perfect match for Oregon. For the most part, the American public remains unaware of your presence as you do your thing well camouflaged amidst the Pacific Northwest mist. – Description from Appellation America (view original content)

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Description 3 of 3

Alba (latin) means "white" and riño the river "Rhine". Correct written is Alba- not "Alva-". The Roman Empire brought this wine to Galicia, as the Spanish Peninsula was part of the Roman Empire till 500 a.c.. That means around 2000 years of wine tradition! It is has the same roots like the German, Austrian Riesling. A really "excellent" very old vine. Gerardo Señoráns Barcala Politologue - Economist - Journalist/Writer International Business Consultant - Vine. – Description from gerardo009

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