Description 1 of 2

 

Long Island, New York is a relatively new wine region. It encompasses both Suffolk and Nassau counties, a.k.a. the North and South Forks (Hamptons), and their smaller islands. Most of the vineyards are located on farms that once grew potatoes and other crops, with tasting rooms in converted barns. Louisa and Alex Hargrave established the first commercial winery, Hargrave Vineyard, in the town of Cutchogue in the North Fork in 1973. Others soon followed, with the Hamptons AVA established in 1985 and the North Fork AVA in 1986. The catch-all Long Island AVA was established in 2001 to allow producers a wider range of grape sources from all sections.
 
Long Island is moderated by the Atlantic, Long Island Sound, and Peconic Bay. The bodies of water cool hot summer temperatures, but can also lead to nasty storm damage during unpredictable late summer/early autumn hurricane season, which can damage crops. However on average, most vintages yield well-balanced grapes which have been given long ripening opportunities. French varietals have been the most popular, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Syrah, Pinot Noir, Malbec, Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc, and especially Chardonnay. Recently, wineries are recognizing the similarities with the German climate, planting grapes such as Müller-Thurgau, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Riesling, Blaufrankisch, and Dornfelder. The wines are produced in a vast array of styles from dry to pink to sparkling to sweet. Often vintners produce field blends with several grapes, building flavors with varietal personalities. 
 
The wineries here are mostly boutique, family-owned operations. It’s definitely worth a visit to the picturesque area to sample the wide variety of wines the region has to offer. 
– Description from Amanda Schuster

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Description 2 of 2

The whole of Long Island received its own AVA designation in 2001. This came about a decade and a half after each of the forks at the island’s eastern end received their AVA status. The introduction of this broader appellation brings a few growers and producers located outside of the eastern forks into an official viticultural area. It also allows fruit from vineyards in various parts of the island to be blended and still labeled with an AVA name, rather than the general New York State appellation. The general climactic conditions of Long Island are affected by the moderating influence of the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound. – Description from Appellation America (view original content)

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