Description 1 of 4

SLOVAK VINE REGIONS Slovakia is divided in six wine-growing areas (picture 2): Small Carpathian, Nitrian, South Slovakian, Middle Slovakian, East Slovakian, and Tokay, which is a neighbour of Hungarian Tokay. Each area is divided into several regions named after the most important cities. The only exception is Tokay, which is a part of larger famous area, mostly located in Hungary. Small Carpathians can be divided into three sub-areas. Not only because it is located on nearly 5360 hectares, but also because it is cut by mountain massif. Northern Záhorie is separated from other two sub-area. It is located between river Morava and Small Carpathians, and is famous for it's red vine from Skalica. Most famous producer from this city is VÍNO - MASARYK Ltd. (www.vino-masaryk.sk). Second sub-area is called Small Carpathian Vineyards, and is said to be the best vine-growing part of Slovakia. This small, most western territory of Slovakia, has almost thousand years old vine making traditions. But strength of this land is measured not only by it's history, but also by it's capacity to produce quality vines. Here clay, sand, and rocky soils are exposed to the work of mountain streams. Here are produced white vines from Riesling (Častá, and Svätý Jur), and red vines from Blaufränkisch. The list of recommended producers is long, and includes Vitis Pezinok Ltd. (www.vitis.sk), VPS Ltd. (www.pavelkavino.sk/stranky/frame3.htm), Víno Matyšák Ltd. (www.vinomatysak.sk), JM Vinárstvo Ltd. (www.jmvinar.sk), Karpatská perla Ltd. (www.karpatskaperla.sk), Vinohradnícka spoločnosť Modra Ltd. (www.vinspolmodra.sk), and Vínne pivnice Svätý Jur Ltd. (www.vinnepivnice.sk). The last, and the largest sub-area of Small Carpathians is Nížiny a Pahorkatiny. It covers land located eastern to the mountains. One could say that this part of Small Carpathians is not only in the shadow of the mountains, but also in the shadow of Záhorie and Small Carpathian Vineyards The area of Small Carpathians is divided into several regions named: Skalický, Záhorský, Stupavský, Bratislavský, Pezinský, Modranský, Doľanský, Orešanský, Senecký, Trnavský, Hlohovecký, Vrbovský. Nitra is famous not only for it's climate, and soils diversity, but also for it's history. First vineyards in this region were founded by Benedictine monks in IXth century. In XVIII and XIX century, thanks to Nitrian merchants, vines from this area were internationally known. Today numerous vineyards cover over 3900 hectares of this area, and offer large variety of quality vines, including even ice vines. Best vines come from northern parts of this area, like Nitra, Radošina, and Zlaté Moravce. In this cities are also located most popular producers, such as Vinárske závody Topoľčianky Ltd. (www.vinotop.sk), Víno Nitra Ltd. (www.vinonitra.com), Vinárstvo Vinanza Ltd. (www.vinanza.sk), and producer of sparkling vines Hubert J.E. Ltd. (www.hubertsekt.sk). Nitrian area is divided into nine regions named: Šintavský, Nitriansky, Radošinský, Zlatomoravský, Vrábeľský, Žitavský, Želiezovský, Tekovský, Pukanecký. South Slovakia is not only the most southern located vine-growing area, but it's also one of the two biggest areas in Slovakia. Fact that it covers over 5 345 hectares, resulted in recognition of eastern, and western part of this area. Eastern part located near Štúrovo is suitable for grape varieties demanding hot climate, and good sun exposure. Western part is located a little bit northern, and therefore vines from Dunajská Streda, are not as popular as the eastern ones. South Slovakia is famous for it's red vines, made form large variety of Cabernet Sauvignon gapes. On the other hand, one of the best known labels of eastern South Slovakia is white Chateau Belá, made of Riesling. This area is divided into regions named: Šamorínsky, Dunajskostredský, Galantský, Palárikovský, Komárňanský, Hurbanovský, Strekovský, Štúrovský. Middle Slovakia is 2 500 hectares big vine-growing area, with traditions reaching XII century. In year 1135 king Béla II of Hungary donated Benedictine monks from Bzovik with two vineyards. Nowadays it is mostly known for it's post volcanic soils. Grape varieties popular in this area are Tramin red, Rhine Riesling, Blaufränkisch, Cabernet Sauvignon, and St. Laurent. Two biggest producers of this area are located in Veľký Krtíš. Theye are AGRO-MOVINO Ltd. (www.agro-movino.sk), and Vinokurčik (www.vinokurcik.com). Middle Slovakia vine-growing area is divided into several regions named: Ipeľský, Hontiansky, Vinický, Modrokamenský, Fiľakovský, Gemerský, Tornaľský. East Slovakia is one of the youngest vine-growing areas. It was established after second world war, and now covers only 1 074 hectares. Apart from Tokay it is the smallest area in Slovakia. Biggest producers in this region are Vino-vin Ltd. (www.vinovin.sk), and Regia tt Ltd. This area is divided into four regions named: Moldavský, Sobranský, Michalovský, Kráľovskochlmecký. Tokay region is situated mostly in Hungary (about 5 000 hectares), but it's small part is located in south eastern part of Slovakia (907 hectares). Vine-growing and production in Slovakian Tokay is strictly regulated, and governmentally controlled. Famous taste can be owed to geological and climate advantages of Tokay region. Grape varieties grown in this region are Furmint, Lipovina, Yellow Muškát, and Zeta. In Slovakian part, this region covers in cities like Bara, Čerhov, Černochov, Malá Tŕňa, Slovenské Nové Mesto, Veľká Tŕňa, and Viničky.

– Description from Kyle Graynor

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Description 2 of 4

SLOVAK GRAPE VARIETALS Grape varietals of Vitis vinifera allowed for plantation in Slovakia. This list was prepared by Ministry of Agriculture of the Slovak Republic, and published on June 17th 2008. Dates in brackets show the year of first registration. All names are listed in alphabetical order, and don't represent the popularity of particular varietals. Names in second brackets are English translations. a) WHITE 1. Aurelius (since 1983) 2. Bouvierovo hrozno (since 1952) (Bouvier) 3. Devín (since 1997) 4. Dievčie hrozno (since 1952) (Girls grape) 5. Feteasca regala (since 1974) 6. Chardonnay (since 1996) 7. Irsai Oliver (since 1975) 8. Milia (since 2002) 9. Muškát moravský (since 1987) (Moravian Muscat) 10. Muškát Ottonel (since 1952) (Muscat Ottonel) 11. Müller-Thurgau (since 1941) 12. Neuburské (since 1941) (Neuburger) 13. Noria (since 2002) 14. Pálava (since 1977) 15. Rizling rýnsky (since 1941) (Riesling) 16. Rizling vlašský (since 1941) (Welschriesling) 17. Rulandské biele (since 1941) (Pinot blanc) 18. Rulandské šedé (since 1941) (Pinot gris) 19. Sauvignon (since 1952) 20. Silvánske zelené (since 1941) (Green Silvaner) 21. Tramín červený (since 1941) (Gewürztraminer) 22. Veltlínske červené skoré (since 1952) (Roter Veltliner) 23. Veltlínske zelené (since 1941) (Grüner Veltliner) b) TOKAY 1. Furmint (since 1952) 2. Lipovina (since 1952) 3. Muškát žltý (since 1941) (Yellow Muscat) c) RED 1. Alibernet (since 1975) 2. André (since 1980) 3. Cabernet Sauvignon (since 1980) 4. Dunaj (since 1997) 5. Frankovka modrá (since 1941) 6. Modrý Portugal (since 1941) (Blauer Portugieser) 7. Neronet (since 1991) 8. Rulandské modré (since 1941) (Pinot Noir) 9. Svätovavrinecké (since 1941) (St. Laurent) 10. Zweigeltrebe (since 1980) (Zweigelt) II. TABLE 1. Ametyst (since 2002) 2. Diamant (since 1997) 3. Dora (since 1997) 4. Julski biser (since 1972) 5. Guzaľ Kara (since 1982) 6. Chrupka biela (since 1941) 7. Chrupka červená (since 1941) 8. Chrupka Jalabertova (since 1952) 9. Negra (since 2002) 10. Olšava (since 1988) 11. Onyx (since 2002) 12. Opál (since 1997) 13. Panónia Kincse (since 1980) 14. Pastel (since 2002) 15. Rubanka (since 2002) 16. Vitra (since 1993) – Description from JMSkelnik

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Description 3 of 4

SLOVAK LABELS TERMINOLOGY Slovak wines can be divided: I. By the colour: - červené (red) - biele (white) - ružové (rosé) II. By the amount of sugar For non-sparkling wines - sladké (sweet) - amount of sugar is higher than 45 grams per liter - polosladké (semi-sweet) - amount of sugar varies from 13 to 45 grams per liter - polosuché (semi-dry) - amount of sugar varies from 5 to 12 grams per liter - suché (dry) - amount of sugar varies from 0 to 4 grams per liter For sparkling wines - prírodne surové (Brut nature) amount of sugar is lower than 3 grams per liter - obzvlášť surové (Extra brut) - amount of sugar varies from 0 to 6 grams per liter - surové (Brut) - amount of sugar is lower than 15 grams per liter - obzvlášť suché (Extra dry) - amount of sugar varies from 12 to 20 grams per liter - suché (Sec) - amount of sugar varies from 17 to 35 grams per liter - polosuché (Demi-sec) - amount of sugar varies from 33 to 50 grams per liter - sladké (Doux) - amount of sugar is higher than 50 grams per liter III. Slovak regulations provide also a unique classification based on German system: 1. Stolové víno (Table wine) Grapes for this wine must obtain no less than 13 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters. To this, winery can add no more than 4,25 kilogram per 100 liters. If a winery wants to label it's wine as a Slovak, it must be made of grapes harvested in Slovakia. Table wine under no conditions can be labeled with the name of varietal, or wine-growing region. The amount of alcohol must be between 8,5% and 15%. 2. Akostné víno (Quality wine) Grapes for this wine must obtain no less than 16 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters. They must be grown in special regions, under law regulations. Label of this wine must provide vintage, amount of sugar, and varietal. Name of region is non obligatory. 2.1. akostné odrodové víno (Quality varietal wines) This wine is made only from grapes harvested in Slovakia. It is produced with no less than 85% domination of one varietal. 2.2. akostné značkové víno (Quality label wines) This wine must be made always under the same certain formula, prepared by winery. Unique formula is a guarantee of quality and character. 3. Akostné víno s prívlastkom (Quality wines with attributes) 3.1. akostné odrodové víno s prívlastkom 3.2. akostné značkové víno s prívlastkom Those wines have to be produced respectively as wines in point 2, but they also need to have one of eight specific attributes. All wines of these two types must be provided with National Control Number, which is visible on the top of a stopper. It can be identified by letters ŠKČ. - Kabinet (Cabinet) Ripped grapes for this wine must obtain no less than 19 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters. - Neskorý zber (Late harvest) Ripped grapes for this wine must obtain no less than 21 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters. - Výber z hrozna (Cluster selection) Ripped grapes for this wine must obtain no less than 23 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters. - Bobuľový výber (Grape selection) Ripped and carefully selected grapes for this wine must obtain no less than 26 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters. - Cibébový výber (Cibeba selection) This wine is made from hand selected, over-ripped grapes with Botrytis cinerea, that have no less than 28 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters - Hrozienkový výber (Raisins selection) This wine is made from hand selected, over-ripped grapes that have no less than 28 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters - Ľadové vína (Ice wine) Harvest for this wine must be done in temperature of -7 Celcius and lower. Grapes must obtain no less than 28 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters. - Slamové víno (Straw wine) This wine must be made of well ripped grapes, that are dried no less than three months (f.ex. on a straw). As a result of drying, grapes must obtain no less than 27 kilograms of sugar for each 100 liters. 4. Tokajské víno (Tokay wine) Production of this wine is highly restricted. It can be only produced in Slovak part of Tokaj region. The amount of grapes, their sweetness and condition is guaranteed by official clerk in the day of harvest. This wine can be described as: - tokajské samorodné suché (Tokay naturally dry) - tokajské samorodné sladké (Tokay naturally sweet) - tokajská Lipovina (Tokay Lipovina) - tokajský Furmint (Tokay Furmint) - tokajský muškát žltý (Tokay Yellow Muscat) - tokajský výber (Tokay selection) Final amount of alcohol in this wine must be greater than 12%. This wine is produced from Tokay naturally dry, by adding Cibeba. Depending on the number of Cibeba varietals added, it can be: - tokajský výber 2 putňový - tokajský výber 3 putňový - tokajský výber 4 putňový - tokajský výber 5 putňový - tokajský výber 6 putňový – Description from JMSkelnik

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Description 4 of 4

SLOVAK WINERIES ON SNOOTH http://www.snooth.com/winery/j-and-j-ostrozovic/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vino-nitra/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vino-masaryk/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vino-matysak/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vinohradnicka-spolo-nos-modra/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vps/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/jm-vinarstvo/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/patak-jan/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/regia-tt/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/golguz-hlohovec/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/agro-movino/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vitis-pezinok/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/chateau-bela/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/skovajsa/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/reva-bojni-ky/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/hacaj/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vino-rariga/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/pd-achtice/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/svaty-jur/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/valenta/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/tokaj-macik-winery/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vino-fiala/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vino-mrva-and-stanko/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/stredna-odborna-skola-vinarsko-ovocinarska-modra/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/mavin-pomfy/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vinohrad-damaskus/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/milos-ma-us/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/karpatska-perla/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vino-brychta/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vitis/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vino-m-dudo/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vinkova/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/limbasske-druzstvo/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/pivnica-radosina/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/natural-alimentaria/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/janousek/ http://www.snooth.com/winery/vinarstvo-blaho/ – Description from JMSkelnik

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