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Romania has one of the oldest wine traditions in all of Europe, dating back to ancient times before Greek civilization. Indigenous grapes have always prospered, and viticulture followed. Though geographically situated as it is adjacent to Slavic countries, a good part of its culture and language is also Latin-based owing to its southern neighbors. Dacia, as it was once called, was once a part of the Roman empire, hence the name Romania. The significant Roman influence on the culture has lasted through the centuries, with wine production in prominent roles. 

In the 19th century, Romania suffered from Phylloxera as did most of the rest of the world. When the mass replanting took place, many of the indigenous varietals were replaced with more popular French ones. Today, Romanian grapes are a mix of the French-European stalwarts as well as domestic grapes such as Frâncuşă, Fetească Albă, and Tămâioasă for whites, Fetească Neagră, and Băbească for reds. German grapes are also popular such as Welschriesling, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Gris, Muscat, and Blaufrankisch. 
 
The Romanian climate is continental with hot and dry summers and cold winters. The Black Sea coast is one of the most balanced locations in terms of climate, with cooling influences in the summer lengthening the growing season. 
 
Romania has its own quality control labeling standards:: Vin de Masa (table wine), Vin cu Indicatie Geografica (IGP), and Denumire de Origine Controlata (akin to AOC, DOC, etc). 
 
The main regions are:
 
Transylvania
Moldova
Muntenia and Oltenia
Banat
Crisana and Maramures
Dobrogea (which includes Murfatlar, famous for its sweet wines)
Danube Terraces
Southern Lands
– Description from Amanda Schuster

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