Description 1 of 2


Bolgheri is a region in the Livorno province of Tuscany, Italy named for the historic town along the Ligurian coast. One of the defining features of the town is an 8th century castle, built by the family of Count della Gherardesca. The army of Emperor Maximilian all but destroyed it in 1496 during a massive invasion. What stands now is thanks to the efforts of a local noble family, who reconstructed the castle in the 1800s around its few remaining original sections. 
It is here that the seeds of the Super Tuscan era were first planted, literally and figuratively. In the early 1940s, Marchese Mario Incisa della Rocchetta moved to Bolgheri. In the interest of making wines for private consumption, he imported Cabernet Sauvignon vines from Bordeaux’s Chateau Lafitte and established a little vineyard called Tenuta San Guido. While very rustic at first, he began to develop his wines into what evolved into Sassicaia, what some say is the duperest of the Super Tuscans. Bolgheri Sassicaia is the first and only DOC named for a single estate. 
The terroir is elevated to the highest importance in this region, and is the reason why the grapes and their blending percentages are not considered as vital in the naming of the wines as the fact that they are grown within the Bolgheri zone. The powerful, rounded structure of the wines give them excellent aging potential. The principal grapes of the region are Sangiovese (up to a maximum 50% of the blend), Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Syrah and Petit Verdot (the latter up to a maximum 30% of the blend).
The Bolgheri Rosso is required to age a minimum of 10 months and the Bolgheri Superiore must age a minimum 24. The Rosé de Bolgheri is comprised of a blend of Sangiovese and Malvasia Nera, or a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah. Bolgheri Bianco is predominately Vermentino with allowable percentages of Sauvignon Blanc and Viognier. ~Amanda Schuster
– Description from Amanda Schuster

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Description 2 of 2

Bolgheri is a town along the Tuscan coast that was known for light, harsh reds until Mario Incisa Della Rocchetta planted Cabernet in an attempt to make something akin to Bordeaux. The initial results were disheartening, but by 1975 his Sassicaia was besting French wines at blind tastings. Other producers took note and followed suit, while the authorities established a DOC to regulate production. Bolgheri DOC can now be white, red or rosé, and producers are allowed considerable latitude within the respective categories. The most interesting are certainly the reds, most of which are based on Cabernet, which has adapted extremely well to the terroir, producing powerful wines of astonishing complexity and finesse. Merlot also does well, while Sangiovese, the great Central Tuscan red, is somewhat eclipsed. Among the whites, Sauvignon does nicely, but Vermentino is perhaps more interesting. – Description from Kphillips

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