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Trentino-Alto Adige is in the north section of Italy, bordering the Austrian and Swiss Alps. It is comprised of two autonomous provinces: Trentino lies to the south, with its capital Trento. This is the culturally Italian portion of the region. Alto Adige in the north, some call it Sudtirol, is mostly German-speaking, long considered part of Austria. Its main city is Bolzano. 
 
The area dates back to the Bronze Age, first inhabited by the Celts, then the Etruscans. The Romans took it over in the 1st century AD. After the fall of the Roman empire, it suffered much of the same fate as other parts of the country as the target of violent invading factions such as the Visigoths. This bi-cultural blend of Italian and German began in the Middle Ages. By the end of World War II, the industrial revolution elevated the region’s infrastructure and economy. The Alto Adige became a popular tourist resort destination, bringing with it, a global appreciation of the region’s wines, cultivated for centuries by monks. The prestigious wine school San Michele all’Adige helped bring the wines to new heights of quality. 
 
Many of the Trentino-Alto Adige wines bear the mark of its Germanic cultural identity, with white varietals such as Gewürztraminer, Riesling, Müller-Thurgau and Sylvaner. What many consider the world’s best expressions of Pinot Grigio (Pinot Gris) are produced here. Nosiola is the best known regionally indigenous dry white varietal, grown in Trentino.
 
The reds of the region are very distinct. Schiava (Vernatsch) is a popular light, fruity red, sometimes produced in an off dry style. Lagrein and Teroldego are more bold, the former prized for its notably perfumed characteristics. Marzemino is the casual, food-friendly medium-bodied red. 
 
The region also produces excellent rosato from Lagrein, with rare and sought after dessert wines from Moscato Rosa. Nosiola also appears in the local version of Vin Santo dessert wine. other dessert wines are produced from late harvest Rieslings and Moscatos. ~Amanda Schuster
 
– Description from Amanda Schuster

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