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Sauternes is a region in the Graves part of Bordeaux, south of the Garonne river which is known for its exceptional botrytized dessert wines. The main variety used is Semillon, with Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle acting as minority blending partners. Proximity to two rivers, the Garonne and the Ciron, gives the region its misty, humid climate, encouraging the growth of botrytis, the “noble rot.” The wines are barrique-aged, and can improve for many decades in bottle.

Sauternes is extremely risky and expensive to make, because harvest must take place quite late, when there is the danger of rain or frost. In some years, either because of the weather or the failure of botrytis to arrive at all, no Sauternes is made. Even in the best conditions, yields are low. Ch. D’Yquem, the region’s most famous estate, preserves its superlative reputation by limiting yields to as little as 9 hl/ha.
– Description from juliabutareva

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