Description 1 of 2
Victoria is a wine growing state in the South East part of Australia. Because of its diverse terroirs and micro-climates, many different styles of wine can be attributed to its regions, from sparkling to dry reds and whites to dessert wines known as “stickies.” The state capital Melbourne is the epicenter, with bustling restaurants and wine bars dedicated to local bottlings.
This state was among the first to be planted with vinifera vines in the mid 19th century, particularly around the cool-climate Yarra Valley. However, it was not as lucky as other parts of the country to escape the deadly Phylloxera louse outbreak some thirty years later, and the industry suffered until the hybrid grafting solution was discovered in the early 20th century.
Victoria has six regions which in turn have many subregions:
* Central Victoria, which has the Bendigo, Goulburn Valley, Heathecote, Strathbogie Ranges and Upper Goulburn, with many climates warm and cool. Thus it ranges from deeply concentrated reds to lighter whites.
* Gippsland, with no officially designated regions, but known for outstanding cool climate wines from Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling and Pinot Gris as well as Cabernet, Shiraz, Sangiovese and Tempranillo.
* Northeast Victoria, which holds the Alpine Valley, Beechworth, Glenrowan, King Valley and Rutherglen, with vastly differing terroirs and microclimates for a variety of grapes and styles.
* Northwest Victoria, home of Murray Darling and Swan Hill. These areas produce much of the Chardonnay, Shiraz and Cabernet bulk wines.
* Port Phillip, home to Geelong and the famous cool climate Yarra Valley, the nearest to Melbourne. Many boutique wineries are located here and produce a variety of wines from sparkling to full bodied reds.
* Western Victoria, where the Henty, Grampians and Pyrenees wine regions lie along the northern edge where it’s drier. This is where sparkling Shiraz was first produced. Also known for Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and earthy-spicy Rhone style Shiraz, plus Cabernet, Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc.
Description 2 of 2
Tucked into the south-eastern corner of the Australian mainland, the warm-climate regions of Murray Darling and Swan Hill are situated along the Murray River in the north west of the State. Further east along the Murray River, the region of Rutherglen has carved a reputation for unique fortified wine styles such as Muscat which boast the sweetest fruit flavours concentrated through long dry autumns. Victoria’s other wine regions are general cooler than those of the States to the north and west. The Yarra Valley region just half an hour’s drive from Melbourne is producing Chardonnay and Pinot Noir wines of immense elegance and delicacy. In the Alpine Valleys region, autumn comes fast and vignerons and winemakers strive to ripen fruit before the frosts take their toll but their losses are balanced by the rich, complex wines that are produced through cool summers. – Description from Wine Australia
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