Description 1 of 2

San Juan is considered one of the most important wine zones, located within the Cuyo province in Argentina. It is the second largest in terms of production next to Mendoza. 
The climate is very hot and dry, nearly desert-like. Irrigation arrives in the form of snow-melt from the Andes mountains in the west, and the San Juan and Jachal rivers. It is also thankfully prone to brief summer rainfall. The dry, hot Zonda wind helps protect from excessive moisture and vine disease, but also can lead to drought conditions. The high altitude of the vineyards ensures optimal sun exposure and grape ripening. 
Criolla and Cereza grapes were the dominant varieties in the early days, but these are now mostly used for brandy, vermouth, and local fortified wines. Dry wines are produced from Torrontes, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Viognier for whites. Reds consist of Bonarda, Malbec, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and Syrah. 
San Juan is subdivided into three regions: Tulum, it most important and prolific section, followed by Pedernal Valley, and Zonda Valley. 
– Description from Amanda Schuster

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Description 2 of 2

San Juan is the second largest wine-growing province in Argentina by tradition and magnitude. In its valleys, the total extension covered by vineyards is approximately 48,000 hectares, which represents 22% of the country production. Of those hectares, 78% are destined to wine making and the rest are grapes for daily domestic consumption. These soils have proved to have the ideal characteristics for the cultivation of Syrah, the region's main grape variety. Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier, Bonarda and Tannat also prosper here. Bonarda, also called Barbera Bonarda, is the second most planted wine-making variety in Argentina and its development in this region has been excellent. Tannat -Uruguay's most important wine grape- has also benefited from the warm climate and sandy soils of San Juan.

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