Average of 70 years old vines, mixed blacks from a vineyard first planted in 1914, aged in 100% French oak for 19 months
 
Floral and earthy and very mineral on the nose with faint notes of cigar wrapper, black tea, white pepper and violets. Rich, deep and bright on entry with fine tension in the mouth, this shows  lovely depth on the palate with deep burnished black cherry and plummy fruit with a fine bitter edge framed with hints of cinnamon, bitter chocolate, and licorice. This is packed with dry extract, and with 15% alcohol with a ph of 3.5 this shows remarkably well balanced, finishing  with dried cherry and dried cranberry notes, hint of pomegranate and persistent minerality. 94pts
 
 
Aged in very light toast wood,100% new French,
 
A bit spicy on the nose with a fair base of new French oak showing some  toastiness in a nutty coffee bean kind of way along with , a bit of something herbal and smoky adding a bit of a wild note to the bouquet.  Rich and smooth on entry with excellent supporting acidity, there's some marzipan here early on the palate with dry, slightly earthy dark berry fruits and some vague umami notes on the backend. This is powerful in the mouth with stony minerality, almost a bit rusty even, but today it is quite structured so even though one can sense the savory and deep fruit and lovely structural integration, it remains a bit matte and opaque on the palate no doubt destined to improve in the cellar. 93pts
 
 
100% Baga, indigenous yeast, fermented for five to eight days in lagar, then drained into tank where fermentation continues for an additional ten to fifteen days before the wine is aged for 14 to 16 months in 2000 to 4000 liter casks
 
75 year old plus vines
 
Tight and youthful on the nose with just a hint of wild cherry fruit layered under aromas of tar, tree bark, green medicinal herbs, green peppercorn, and almost dried green chile. Fairly spicy, chalky, bright and rich on the palate, with immediate obvious bright acids and tannins that are both sweet and yet astringent. There is huge depth of fruit here, savory, beet root, rhubarb and juniper spiced with candied blackberry fruit and beautiful wild cherry fruit layered underneath all wrapped up in firm minerality. With a lovely stemmy note this turns finely aromatic on the long finish revealing a red currant note with hints of Dr. Pepper soda. 92pts
 
 
65% new 85% French
 
Average of 70 years old vines, unspecified  mixed blacks aged in 65% new oak, 85% of which is French
 
Toasty French oak on the nose, light though allowing the  dusty,  gentle soft fruit and a very flora base note of, blue flowers to rise from the glass. The  super fine tannins and  great integration here immediately become obvious as this shows of it’s silky, smooth and polished texture in the mouth with just the faintest  chewy quality to the young fruit. Really quite elegant with a faint rustic edge this develops awesome textural complexity as the tannins and fine acidity grows in the mouth,along with fairly palate staining intensity of fruit on the palate. The finish is long, soft yet juicy finish, rich with wild cherry fruit, astringent red fruit, a hint of pomegranate and a very faint chocolate notion the finale. This is really lovely. 92pts
 
 
100% Touriga nacional The wine underwent malolactic fermentation in their original storage stainless steel tanks and was then racked into French Oak barriques, 35% of which were new,  where it stayed for 16 months. 
 
Tight on the nose and quite sweet with  toasty oak, spiced plum fruit and a bit of balsam and mint with a strong sweet licorice top note. Air brings out lots of candied violets as this turns very intense and perfumed with a meaty base note, jerkyesque even. Tight with a little vanilla and bay leaf on entry, this is very clear on the palate, with finely polished tannins making for an elegant and refined mouthfeel but this is youthfully  reticent and a bit grapy in fact, though it’s showing great minerality and black cherry fruit on the palate and on the long floral, plum skin, and oak spiced finish. 92pts 
 
 
100% Sousão. Malolactic fermentation and ageing in 100% new French oak for 20 months 
 
A bit gamy and animal on the nose with lots of fennel seed and beet root accents to the core of blue fruit. with air this turns into a mulberry, minty, eucalyptus bomb! Rich with dry extract density and accompanying high acid and slightly rough tannins this feels rather dry with an old school texture and flavor profile. Dark, long and rich in the mouth it’s beautiful with its unique profile and  chewy long finish. Superbly savory and deep, this is structured, chewy, inky and aromatic in the mouth, but not terribly fruity so it may appeal to a limited audience. Serve it with game meats or goat. 92pts