6. Yates Family Vineyard 
This is very much a family operation; the winery is owned by Lynn and Michael Yates and staffed by their two daughters and son-in-law. The vineyard’s 35 steep hillside acres are located in the southern end of the Mayacamas Mountains in the Mt. Veeder appellation. The family purchased the ranch in 1950 and sold their grapes to wineries for many years before deciding to make their own wine in 1999.
 
Dark ruby color; appealing, deep blackberry, berry, black fruit nose; tasty, ripe berry, blackberry, caramel palate with character; medium-plus finish. (Wiith 12% Cabernet Franc; 18 months in French oak) 93 points
 
7. La Jota 
Bill and Joan Smith, who founded La Jota in 1982 on property that had been a vineyard and winery in the late 1890s, sold the winery to Markham Vineyards in 2001. The winemaker is Christopher Carpenter, who views his main job as a “mountain winemaker” as tannin management. Due to the firm, though plush, tannins, this is one Merlot that could benefit from a couple years of bottle age. 
 
Dark red violet color; ripe plum, black fruit nose with lift; tight, plush, nice black fruit, sage, espresso palate; medium-plus finish. 93 points
 
8. Shafer Merlot 
The Shafers, John and son Doug, and winemaker Elias Fernandez, are famous for their Hillside Select Cabernet, which currently sells for about $250. They also make this very reliable Merlot that sells for only $52. It tends to show a lot of the new oak that the Hillside Select is known for, but that generally integrates with two to three years of bottle age.
 
Medium dark ruby color; lavender, berry nose; tasty, lavender, berry, tart black fruit palate; medium-plus finish. (92% Merlot, 7% Cabernet Sauvignon, 2% Malbec; 20 months in French oak, 75% new; 15.1% alcohol) 92+ points
 
Medium dark ruby color; redolent, ripe blackberry, violets, black currant nose; tasty, black currant, blackberry, violets palate; medium-plus finish. (80% Merlot, 20% Cabernet Sauvignon; 20 mos. in French oak, 75% new; 15.3% alcohol) 92+ points
 
Medium ruby color; ripe, rich berry, black fruit, French oak nose; ripe black fruit, blackberry, French oak palate; medium-plus finish. (85% Merlot, 15% Cabernet Sauvignon; 20 mos. in French oak, 75% new; 14.9% alcohol) 91 points
 
9. Castello di Amorosa 
Dario Sattui, the owner of this project, is the great grandson of Vittorio Sattui, who founded V. Sattui winery in 1885. That winery was shuttered by Prohibition, but Dario not only revived it in 1972 but succeeded in turning it into a major moneymaker. This helped him fund the purchase of 30 acres of vineyards in the Diamond Mountain District and the building of a 121,000 square foot tourist attraction in the form of a medieval-style Tuscan castle that houses the winery and caves for Castello di Amorosa. Winemaker Brooks Painter was formerly with Robert Mondavi and Stag’s Leap.
 
Dark ruby color; vanilla oak, berry nose; tasty, rich but poised, ripe berry, mulberry, boysenberry palate with sweet tannins; medium-plus finish (92% Merlot, 7% Cabernet Sauvignon, 1% Petit Verdot; 18 mos. in 100% French oak; 14.4% alcohol) 92+ points
 
10. Robert Keenan Winery Napa Valley
These impressive wines are the less-expensive siblings of Keenan’s estate wines, which I’ve ranked number two on my list.
 
Dark red violet color; lifted, tart black fruit, herbs nose; tasty, tart black fruit, herbs palate; medium-plus finish. 92+ points
 
Medium dark ruby color; rich berry, plum nose; plush, berry, plum palate; medium-plus finish. 91 points
 
11. Peju Province Winery 
In 1982 Tony and Herta Peju purchased 30 acres in Rutherford, with Robert Mondavi, Inglenook and Beaulieu as their neighbors. They now own over 450 acres throughout Napa, and their two daughters are very much involved in the business. The winemaker is Sara Fowler. I’m generally a fan of Peju’s wines, and their Merlots are very reliable and well priced at about $36.
 
Medium dark ruby color; effusive, ripe berry, berry pie, vanilla nose; tasty, a little tight, sweet berry, blackberry, berry pie palate; medium-plus finish. (83% Merlot, 9% Petit Verdot, 8% Zinfandel; 16 mos. in French & American oak, 35% new; 14.1% alcohol) 92+ points
 
Medium ruby color; appealing, bright berry, mulberry nose; tasty, focused, ripe berry, mulberry palate with sweet, soft tannins; medium-plus finish. (93% Merlot, 3% Petit Verdot, 2% Cabernet Sauvignon, 2% Zinfandel; 16 mos. in French & American oak, 35% new; 14.5% alcohol) 92+ points
 
Medium ruby color; nice, lifted, berry, boysenberry nose; ripe berry, mulberry palate with soft, sweet tannins; medium-plus finish. (84% Merlot, 13% Petit Verdot, 3% Cabernet Sauvignon; 16 mos. in French & American oak, 30% new; 14.1% alcohol) 92 points

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12. Duckhorn Vineyards 
This was the first Napa winery to become famous for its Merlots. Their first vintage was 1978, when Merlot in Napa was fairly hard to source—there being relatively few plantings there at that time. Dan and Margaret Duckhorn divorced and sold their controlling share in 2006 to GI Partners. The enterprise owns 278 acres of vineyards in Napa and 150 acres in Mendocino. The winemaker for the Merlots is Bill Nancarrow, from New Zealand.
 
Medium dark ruby color; French oak, vanilla, berry, black fruit, sweet coffee nose; rich, ripe black fruit, berry, espresso palate; medium-plus finish. (84% Merlot, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon, 6% Cabernet Franc; 16 mos. in 100% French oak, 20% new, 80% second vintage; 14.5% alcohol) 92 points
 
Medium dark ruby color; vanilla, berry, black cherry nose; tasty, a little tight, blackberry, berry, black fruit palate; medium-plus finish. (86% Merlot, 9.5% Cabernet Sauvignon, 3.5% Petit Verdot, 1% Cabernet Franc; 16 mos. in 100% French oak, 20% new, 80% second vintage; 14.5% alcohol) 92+ points
 
Medium dark ruby color; rich, appealing, berry, blackberry nose; tasty, ripe blackberry, berry palate; medium-plus finish. (89% Merlot, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon, 1% Petit Verdot; 16 mos. in 100% French oak, 35% new, 65% second vintage; 14.5% alcohol) 92 points
 
13. Rutherford Hill 
Rutherford Hill was founded in 1972 and early on focused on Merlot as its flagship. The winery was purchased by the Terlato Family of Terlato Wine Group in 1996, and the focus continues to be Merlot, with 75% of production dedicated to this grape. Marisa Taylor Huffaker, formerly assistant winemaker at Williams-Selyem, is winemaker.
 
Medium dark ruby color; focused berry, blackberry nose; ripe berry, blackberry, baked berry palate; needs 1-2 years; medium-plus finish. (90% Merlot, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon; 18 mos. in French oak; 14.1% alcohol) 92 points
 
Medium dark ruby color; baked black fruit, French oak, vanilla nose; baked black fruit, ripe berry palate with integrating oak; medium-plus finish. (80% Merlot, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon, 10% Malbec; 18 mos. in French oak; 14.4% alcohol) 91 points
 
14. Pahlmeyer Merlot
Jayson Pahlmeyer, a trial attorney, started producing wine under the Pahlmeyer label in 1986 from cuttings he and a partner had smuggled into the country from Bordeaux. Randy Dunn was the first winemaker. The current winemaker is Kale Anderson. 
 
Black fruit, charcoal nose; black fruit, charcoal palate with depth; medium-plus finish. 92 points
 
15. Bolen Family Estates 
Eric Bolen was introduced by father Mike to the pleasures of Merlot-based Right Bank Bordeaux, which ultimately inspired him to found a winery aimed at creating fine Merlot. The winemaker is Tom Rinaldi, Duckhorn’s founding winemaker. They currently make 1,000 cases with fruit from the Beckstoffer Orchard Vineyard.
 
Dark red violet color; nice, spicy plum, red berry nose; tasty, rich, plush, spicy plum, red berry palate; medium-plus finish. (20% new French oak) 92 points